Sunday, August 5, 2018

History Of Artificial Intelligence

History Of Artificial Intelligence

     As we all know Artificial Intelligence is a deep research of machine learning. It is new to the general world. But the scientist has been emphasizing in this area since an early 20th century. We are discussing here a short history of AI.

YEAR                                            MILESTONE/INNOVATION
1923:- Karel Capek play named "Rossum's universal robots" (RUR) opens in London, the first use of the word "robot" in English.

1943:-  Foundations for neural networks laid.

1945:- Isaac Asimov, a Columbia University alumni, coined the term Robotics.

1950:-  Alan Turing introduced Turing test for evaluation of intelligence and published computing machinery and intelligence. Claude Shannon published a detailed analysis of chess playing as a search.

1956:-  John McCarthy coined the term ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE. Demonstration of the first running AI program at Carnegie Mellon University.

1958:-  John McCarthy invents LISP programming language for AI.

1964:- Danny Bobrow's dissertation at MIT showed that computers can understand the natural language well enough to solve algebra word problems correctly.

1965:-  Joseph Weizenbaum at MIT built ELIZA, an interactive problem that carries on a dialogue in English.

1969:- Scientists at Stanford Research Institute Developed Shakey, a robot, equipped with locomotion, perception, and problem-solving.

1973:- The Assembly Robotics group at Edinburgh University built Freddy, the Famous Scottish Robot, capable of using vision to locate and assemble models.

1979:-  The first computer-controlled autonomous vehicle, Stanford cart, was built.

1985:-  Harold Cohen created and demonstrated the drawing program, Aaron.

1997:- The Deep Blue chess program beats the then world chess champion, Garry Kasparov.

2000:- Interactive robot pets become commercially available. MIT displays Kismet, a robot with a face that expresses emotions. The robot Nomad explores remote regions of Antarctica and locates meteorites.

Major advances in all areas of AI - 

            > Significant demonstration in machine learning
            > Case-based reasoning
            > Multi-agent planning
            > Scheduling
            > Data mining, Web crawler
            > natural languages understanding and translation
            > Vision, Virtual Reality
            > Games

And Now we are seeing Uses of AI in Many areas. All these can be happened because of the serious, dedicated researches of above incidents.


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